1177 BC: The Year Civilization Collapsed (Eric Cline, PhD)

  • Yayınlanma Tarihi:  2 yıl önce
  • From about 1500 BC to 1200 BC, the Mediterranean region played host to a complex cosmopolitan and globalized world-system. It may have been this very internationalism that contributed to the apocalyptic disaster that ended the Bronze Age. When the end came, the civilized and international world of the Mediterranean regions came to a dramatic halt in a vast area stretching from Greece and Italy in the west to Egypt, Canaan, and Mesopotamia in the east. Large empires and small kingdoms collapsed rapidly. With their end came the world’s first recorded Dark Ages. It was not until centuries later that a new cultural renaissance emerged in Greece and the other affected areas, setting the stage for the evolution of Western society as we know it today. Professor Eric H. Cline of The George Washington University will explore why the Bronze Age came to an end and whether the collapse of those ancient civilizations might hold some warnings for our current society. Considered for a Pulitzer Prize for his recent book 1177 BC, Dr. Eric H. Cline is Professor of Classics and Anthropology and the current Director of the Capitol Archaeological Institute at The George Washington University. He is a National Geographic Explorer, a Fulbright scholar, an NEH Public Scholar, and an award-winning teacher and author. He has degrees in archaeology and ancient history from Dartmouth, Yale, and the University of Pennsylvania; in May 2015, he was awarded an honorary doctoral degree (honoris causa) from Muhlenberg College. Dr. Cline is an active field archaeologist with 30 seasons of excavation and survey experience. The views expressed in this video are those of the speaker and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Capital Area Skeptics.
  • Video Süresi: 01:10:18

Yorum Sayısı: 7060

  • gerrie beekmans
    gerrie beekmans 3 saat önce

    I remember,i went to school with her.

  • Ar Navs
    Ar Navs 4 saat önce

    Turkey in 1170 BC!????

  • Nathan Callidor
    Nathan Callidor 12 saat önce

    I wish we knew more about Ancient Scythia. Always wondered why so little work is done on that civilization. Then I looked at an indo scythian coin and found out why.

  • Rose McGuinn
    Rose McGuinn 15 saat önce

    Back in the 1970's Exxon's own scientific staff already knew about the petroleum carbon + climate change, but their company told them to keep silent about it. Please do not confuse climate with the weather, as the two do not mean the same thing.

  • Shawn Farr
    Shawn Farr 17 saat önce

    Information was on point .He dealt with language International trade routes and physical evidence such as plants and to rocks.

  • Joseph Olson
    Joseph Olson 20 saat önce

    Holocene extinction, app 10,000 BC, collapsed civilization, raised sea level 400 ft and caused extinction of hundreds of large mammal species.

  • Christian Deininger
    Christian Deininger 1 gün önce

    Civilization is collapsing now in 2019

  • Ian Duke
    Ian Duke 1 gün önce

    WOW
    1) states fact from the start to the end of humanity existence
    2) Ok
    3) YES YOU HAVE NO PROOF!
    earthquakes? I have seen those terrible movies! dont worry the earthquakes moved away!
    invaders WHICH HAPPENED ALL THE TIME THEN AND EVEN NOW!
    rebellion WHICH HAPPENED ALL THE TIME THEN AND EVEN NOW!
    some might have been invaded and unlike all those other great invasion they where not recorded!
    rebellions a little bit......
    so hes just stating the every day events! which happened even when the cities did not collapse!
    COLLAPSE OF ROME ANYONE?

  • KohinaREC
    KohinaREC 1 gün önce

    It seems odd that there are no mass graves or evidence of disease - although thousands of years may destroy evidence. Maybe some indigenous diseases such as malaria etc. that don't necessarily cause a rampant dramatuc epidemic like a bubonic plague would, but might kill faster the hungry population.

  • KohinaREC
    KohinaREC 1 gün önce

    This is really interesting! Great lectures.

  • Supernaut
    Supernaut 1 gün önce

    Fascinating historical review and a very engaging and knowledgeable speaker, a pleasure to watch and learn, and wonder. Thank you.

  • Medley Childress
    Medley Childress 1 gün önce

    great lecture!!!!

  • kid tsunami
    kid tsunami 1 gün önce

    I think "the bronze collapse", is a kind of crisis.. of a level.. of a civilization. Sorry for my English. A civilization level wasn't able to stand against a growth of people. Nature disasters happening periodically and of course it pushed famine and also invasions of a sea.. Or whatever other people. at same time invasion of India by.. so called arian nomadic tribes from central Asia happened probably by same reasons but with own features. Some nomads lived happy in their steppe.. Grew up their horses.. But once they're stacked up to the.. Drying, no rain, and growing desert.. With grown sizes of their tribes and clans. Then famine pushed them to leave homelands and invade the cities of the bronze age. So I think bronze age collapse is a that periods civilizations crisis, earthquake, famine, invasions aren't something unique. But it was fatal right that time and right that place, as he said Egypt survived, I think arian invasion of India could be counted for comparison (growth of nomadic tribes and drought in steppe) And I heard nothing about something happened in China, why there was no "bronze age collapse"?

  • Vlad Dracoson
    Vlad Dracoson 1 gün önce

    Thats interesting. It was about then that the global temperatures fell like a stone. Would have been a major source for crop failure and could have had the effect of pushing migrations.
    http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-cYxW6D5ebrs/TasMDH04yLI/AAAAAAAAAFU/abWuVnAhx7k/s1600/greenlandice_fig5.png

  • Green Nights
    Green Nights 1 gün önce

    wow how fascinating ... to someone who has no life whatsoever.

  • Wayne Black
    Wayne Black 2 gün önce

    I wouldn't completely rule out volcanoes causing the drought that lead to the collapse of Civilization.
    Starting in 1645 BC there were several large recorded volcano eruptions and possible more unrecorded.
    6 known large eruptions within 500 years might be enough. Smaller eruptions could also help.


    It took the eruption of Mount Tambora in 1815 to cause the "Year without Summer" in 1816 and resulted in famine throughout the world. There were 5 large eruptions in just 6 years prior to the Tambora eruption.


    Just sayin', you throw enough dirt into the atmosphere, cool the ocean surface off enough and it will fail to rain somewhere.
    We just can't be sure.


    Great lecture though.

  • SeraphimTheOrthodox
    SeraphimTheOrthodox 2 gün önce

    We have piracy today too. Only the ships have changed. Tin is pricey enough to be ALMOST a precious metal.

  • DIAZ52
    DIAZ52 2 gün önce

    Iran is bellicose? Really? I can think if another nation is the middle east that is compulsively violent, and attacks their neighbors repeatedly and compulsively, and has done so for years.

  • DIAZ52
    DIAZ52 2 gün önce

    It was the Orcs.

  • monacojim3
    monacojim3 2 gün önce

    Now we know it was the Younger Dryas asteroid impacts, 11000 and 12500 years ago, and the global temperature increase that took the greater part of the earth out of an ice age. Wiped out the megaforna, sea levels rose, North African tsunami that dumped the sand in the sahara and levelled Atlantis megatropolis (the eye of Africa) together with tectonic plate shifts, and caused civilisation to have to reboot.

  • Andres b
    Andres b 2 gün önce

    the Hyborian age...

  • Rursus
    Rursus 2 gün önce

    Eh, no, 1177 BC there were earthquakes, famine, climate change, rebellions and the sea peoples in the entire producing region -- a small region. Nowadays we have all these too, but there are lots of regions outside of the sphere of famine, climate change, rebellions and the sea peoples.

  • Ian Barron
    Ian Barron 2 gün önce

    1177 is close in time to the Greenland meteor

  • Christopher Batty
    Christopher Batty 2 gün önce

    Cogent, balanced, informative, well and interestingly presented - bravo.

  • Patrick Nazar
    Patrick Nazar 2 gün önce

    I get the point of saying "sometimes we need a collapse", but at the end of the day i think that concept works against us. What can we learn though?

  • Wendy Jones
    Wendy Jones 2 gün önce

    There is NO WAY the Israelites could take on the Canaanites. Really? Hmmmm. Sounds like someone just WANTS to disagree with the bible while giving great consideration to anything and everything else. Interesting.

  • Samuel Ortega
    Samuel Ortega 2 gün önce

    Well, Jesus is right again, He said that before the end of civilization (the world) there would be famines, earthquakes, wars (rebellion), the sun would destroy crops and animals, etc.
    But Jesus said this would not destroy the world, it would be the beginning of sorrows and later the end would come when the Gospel is preached throughout the world, the the end would come. Yes, the world would be ready to hear the Gospel at this point because they will be out of other options. Then they will turn to God. For some it will be too late.

  • Kelley
    Kelley 2 gün önce

    Good presentation

  • Trail Blazing
    Trail Blazing 3 gün önce

    I remember it like yesterday

  • Terry Baney
    Terry Baney 3 gün önce

    Excellent presentation by Dr. Cline, good flow and is able to keep your attention throughout. His main point of it's never as simple as main stream tends to default to is spot on, need to keep your mind open to different possibilities

  • Hoity
    Hoity 3 gün önce

    Check out Michael Tsarion unslaved and Michael Tsarion.com. Also, Ralph Ellis, Jordan Maxwell

  • MrWizardofozzz
    MrWizardofozzz 3 gün önce

    A handfull of ISIS people are the sea peoples..?? Syrian refugees are the sea peoples..?? The US invaded and destroyed the nations of Iraq, Libya, Afghanistan and tried to destroy Syria, but you think a handfull of refugees are the sea people..??

  • -IOI-
    -IOI- 4 gün önce

    What was Ghiza design and built for?

  • Lk T
    Lk T 4 gün önce

    Many high schools taught the same deal,yes.

  • Kieran Ryan
    Kieran Ryan 4 gün önce

    Great presentation.. concluding with an interesting Q&A.. I guess you‘re not suggesting that we‘re on the brink of another dark age given the similarities of then and now.. but the world is changing and fast thanks in part to the latest wave of ‚sea peoples’ or rather disruptive technology promising superior services at the expense of making older practices and institutions obsolete.. hopefully in the long run for the betterment of our civilsation.

  • rick eckley
    rick eckley 4 gün önce

    excellent presentation thank you

  • Μιχ Λαζ
    Μιχ Λαζ 4 gün önce

    The invasion of dorieus known in Greek as κάθοδος των Δωριέων was a theory that around 1200 bc some harder tribes came down to Greece and settle here maybe link some info,also the eruption of volcano in thira could force the people to leave not going straight to tsunami but going as a normal person do to the opposite site which means south to Crete which is Egypt/Cyprus/Syria.

  • Μιχ Λαζ
    Μιχ Λαζ 4 gün önce

    Great lecture sir.When I was student 17 years old we tought that sea people detroyed Egypt and some parts of the known word.i was the only one that asked which were those people and couldn’t get an answer.Todays books in the same country is far far from what I was tought.its not going forward giving information but the opposite.

  • Fakhrerazi Nikkhah
    Fakhrerazi Nikkhah 4 gün önce

    You have ignored the Iranian civilization , Indian and Chinese civilizations and say that in 1177 B.C the world collapsed by some SEA PEOPLE from some islands in White sea . The most advanced places in the world were in India and Iran . What the hell are you talking about ? You must be high or ignorant and puking out nonsense . Then , you give credence to Egyptologists , the very same crowd that have purposely kept Humanity in dark by telling lies over and over again . Acting like a Mafia organizations . Please , take a back seat and tell your wife that the Trojan war indeed happened .

  • Peter F-Model
    Peter F-Model 5 gün önce

    This is an excellent lecture, but the temptation to somehow arrive at some lesion which relates to our current time did spoil it a bit. There is no doubt there are pressures on our current global civilization, but if we are going down the same path as the Bronze Age “golden” age, we are well off the end point. However I must admit we can be said to be on that path.
    However if we drill down further the effect described here which precluded a rebuilding is a revolt caused by famine. Natural disasters, except a failure in crops, can all be recovered from. When the population cannot be fed they may be tempted to revolt, which makes a bad situation worse, thus there is no rebuilding. Even if there is just a crop failure, the population can arm itself and invade their neighbour, which must have occurred until all the targets were devastated.
    To compound this, a successful centrally managed economy can be very efficient, which will result in population to grow. When the crops fail and everyone else has the same problem, the result is a large population which is starving. That would compound the issue, possible the less civilised parts of the Mediterranean did not suffer such a fall, because they were never that advanced or populated.
    This is the path we are on, rapidly increasing population means any major ecological change could have a compounding effect which could cause a systems failure. That would be the lesson to learn from this. However I am more interested in what happened during that period than to somehow directly relate it to our time. There is still so much we do not know.