1177 BC: The Year Civilization Collapsed (Eric Cline, PhD)

  • Yayınlanma Tarihi:  2 yıl önce
  • From about 1500 BC to 1200 BC, the Mediterranean region played host to a complex cosmopolitan and globalized world-system. It may have been this very internationalism that contributed to the apocalyptic disaster that ended the Bronze Age. When the end came, the civilized and international world of the Mediterranean regions came to a dramatic halt in a vast area stretching from Greece and Italy in the west to Egypt, Canaan, and Mesopotamia in the east. Large empires and small kingdoms collapsed rapidly. With their end came the world’s first recorded Dark Ages. It was not until centuries later that a new cultural renaissance emerged in Greece and the other affected areas, setting the stage for the evolution of Western society as we know it today. Professor Eric H. Cline of The George Washington University will explore why the Bronze Age came to an end and whether the collapse of those ancient civilizations might hold some warnings for our current society. Considered for a Pulitzer Prize for his recent book 1177 BC, Dr. Eric H. Cline is Professor of Classics and Anthropology and the current Director of the Capitol Archaeological Institute at The George Washington University. He is a National Geographic Explorer, a Fulbright scholar, an NEH Public Scholar, and an award-winning teacher and author. He has degrees in archaeology and ancient history from Dartmouth, Yale, and the University of Pennsylvania; in May 2015, he was awarded an honorary doctoral degree (honoris causa) from Muhlenberg College. Dr. Cline is an active field archaeologist with 30 seasons of excavation and survey experience. The views expressed in this video are those of the speaker and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Capital Area Skeptics.
  • Video Süresi: 01:10:18

Yorum Sayısı: 6795

  • NMranchhand
    NMranchhand 3 saat önce

    Collapse is the moment of the loss of capital. That’s the break point when the various pressures are applied.

  • otteyful
    otteyful 2 gün önce

    Many of you big-guys frown upon the Bible account of history, but the Bible is the most authentic and reliable source of history and human events that exist in the world. In Genesis 41:54, it tells of drought which resulted in seven years of famine that came upon the whole world, and through the intervention of God who used Joseph to save the Egypt and world many human lives were saved. Genesis 43 tells us that people from all over the known world, including Joseph brothers, came to Egypt to buy grain. This explains why all the other civilization collapsed and only Egypt was saved. But I guess this is too simple or foolish for you smart-guys.

  • henrikoldcorn
    henrikoldcorn 3 gün önce

    Very engaging and interesting talk on what is easily made dull.

  • Modular Interactive
    Modular Interactive 5 gün önce

    Why the heck is there overwhelming evidence of what relatively minor/petty officials did in terms of administrative duties like how many hoes were used to plough the pharaohs field, endless lists and scrolls of jibber jabber written by a multitude of Egyptian scribes but pretty much ZERO evidence of the Exodus or a missing civilisation such as 'Sea People'? Anyway, to comment on this video - the collapse was in my opinion most likely caused by natural phenomena: drought (and resultant famine), volcano (lava spewing fire for thousands of miles causing devastating 'super fires', massive earthquakes with flooding, a meteor shower strike (my theory) causing multiple impacts. There were no 'sea people' as there would be overwhelming evidence to prove this. But there is no evidence other than Ramses II's drawing, just speculation. The reason I say it was NOT sea people is because in order to mount invasions across multiple civilisations wiping out huge territories you would need hundreds of years of campaign action, particularly against naval superpowers like the Minoan civilisation, and a huge army which of course would be well documented. Plus shed loads of weapons and evidence of battles would have been found. But there isn't. But weirdly, if this happened during the time of the Exodus..might give substance to 'drought', 'plagues', 'flooding' and all the rest happening around the same time. It could have been a cocktail of events, an extensive drought lasting years, causing plagues and pestilence, followed up by a firestorm (meteors or volcano), followed by darkness (this would have been clouds of dust thrown up by a volcano).

  • Lawton Strickland
    Lawton Strickland 6 gün önce

    Enjoyed the video. However:

    - Believes in a war that happened over 3000 years ago because of a dramatic, epic poem and the existence of a city.

    - doesn’t believe a mass migration of slaves left an empire that is known to use Hebrew slave labor.

    -uses the Bible to help support his view of the origin of the philistines..

  • Lus V
    Lus V 6 gün önce

    The thing about history is that we can never be sure :/

  • Darren Hulbert
    Darren Hulbert 6 gün önce

    And the kingdom that breeds wisdom in the midst of "global turbulence" is the Kingdom of Israel. But her conquests were on purpose of Ham's destructive behavior against Noah. And we somehow misinterpret Israel's conquest as the mode of operation. Marx highlights it. Today in 2019, we can adjust personally per Dr. Jordan Peterson.

  • sadsongsishere
    sadsongsishere 1 hafta önce

    I have been letting this ramble on in the background. Omg. What does he mean by "The Year Civilization Collapsed"? What is that phrase supposed to mean, what was it referring to?

  • WowAround
    WowAround 1 hafta önce

    54:35 If refugees are a threat for a government then the government already had a bad economy and structural investment to generate a well intern economical ecosystems. This guy knows about history but he is in diapers about modern economic.

  • Enric Martinez
    Enric Martinez 1 hafta önce

    What is this beautiful picture @5:45 ? It's beautiful, where does it comes from (Note, I am aware it's Egyptian)

  • Ashley G
    Ashley G 1 hafta önce

    History always repeats itself. It's us as human beings that never decide to learn from the past.

  • rozha abdullah
    rozha abdullah 1 hafta önce

    One lesson from this lecture is that nations in the middle east are connected and the collapse of one leads to the collapse of another...

  • o_0 iii
    o_0 iii 1 hafta önce

    The answer is about wealth. 1500 to1200ish BC there was wealth to support these civilizations. Why could they no longer afford to support these civilizations? Did they spend too much that it caught up to them? Were there middlemen on the trade routes? If drought, drought leads to famine and less overall wealth. Famine and poverty leads to political unrest and establishments that cannot afford expensive imports and rebuilding from earthquakes and war. The barbarians and "Sea Peoples" attack the established civilizations when they are weak and vulnerable. Stressed civilizations are more likely to enter wars. Since the civilizations are getting weaker and poorer, the globalized trade routes breakdown because of lack of wealth and the sea pirates and sand bandits make the routes unsafe. Globalization works when it is profitable, breaks down when it is not.

  • o_0 iii
    o_0 iii 1 hafta önce

    His sequel will be about the end of the Plastic-Oil Age... 2039 AD:The Year Civilization Collapsed or 2048 AD: The Year Civilization Collapsed ( to be determined...)

  • Melvin Shelton
    Melvin Shelton 1 hafta önce

    Why is the term, "globalized" used? The list of civilizations you mention omits some of the most important civilizations in human history.
    The above having been said, if I had seen you lecture, or known of this book, when I was an undergraduate, I quite possibly would have gone into a different line of work. One can only wish - wistfully.
    Please write some more, and if you will, please consider this a Commandment.

  • J. F.
    J. F. 1 hafta önce

    I commented the following in another video where Dr. Eric Cline gave a presentation on this subject (at the The Oriental Institute) and I must repeat it here: I am absolutely floored by the fact that Dr. Eric Cline not only omits that fact that the Canaanites known as "Phoenicians" (and their cities) were left untouched by the Sea Peoples but he actually claims that they too were destroyed among others. Nothing can be further from the truth. Speechless. The collapse of the Eastern Mediterranean civilizations (Mycenaeans, Hittites, Egypt, Ugarit et al.) not only benefited the Canaanites known as "Phoenicians" in getting rid of competitors/ennemies (the Mycenaeans thwarted the Phoenicians from expanding West, the Hittites had taken over Ugarit in the North of Phoenician and were also at the Western border of Phoenicia, Egypt didn't offer the promised protection to the Phoenicians against the Hittites). The Phoenicians played a major role, if not THE role, in the collapse. Their cities remained intact. The Phoenician city of Award (captured by the Hittites) was returned to the Phoenicians after the Sea People had recaptured it. Most importantly and above all, the Phoenicians were able to expand their maritime empire west and thrive for at least another millenium. Their expansion West was also responsible in the formation of the Western world (Greeks and Romans) where the Phoenicians, either their own knowledge/inventions and/or in relaying the ones of the others in the East (namely the Egyptians and Mesopotamians).

  • jo bloggs
    jo bloggs 1 hafta önce

    then they blamed the sea people. now its the terrorists same old tricks to deceive the population.

  • kostas arvanitis
    kostas arvanitis 2 hafta önce

    consider the thyra earthquake, tsunami, ash from the earthquake, which cause the stopping of sun , drought, famine, and then some sea ppl

  • Ken Surrency
    Ken Surrency 2 hafta önce

    AARGH! PIRACY!! 🏴‍☠️

  • gozzilla78
    gozzilla78 2 hafta önce


  • Travis Mims
    Travis Mims 2 hafta önce

    Our boy? Another example of a person is not as smart as they would like you to believe.

  • Lou Varricchio
    Lou Varricchio 2 hafta önce

    Ugh, not the most engaging narrator but beggars can't be choosy: unfortunately, I can't find any other audio version.

  • J Henni
    J Henni 2 hafta önce

    why is this professor, a historian / archaeologist, professing modern climate change denial?
    what are his credentials in current climate science?

  • Allen Turner
    Allen Turner 2 hafta önce




  • riccisamurai
    riccisamurai 2 hafta önce

    amazing. all that is new is old.

  • Allen Turner
    Allen Turner 2 hafta önce

    1997 equals 8:20 i used to be at the library with mcdonald's biscuits at 8:20 walking with jackie's orders every morning hmmm

  • User Name
    User Name 2 hafta önce

    Sounds like the Old Testament. God leading the Israelites with the Ark on genocidal conquest to take the promised land.

  • Abdulhadi W. Ayyad
    Abdulhadi W. Ayyad 2 hafta önce

    A bit disappointed that he spoke of "the Philistines" and declined to give the country name "Palestine".

  • Konstantin Tochinskiy
    Konstantin Tochinskiy 2 hafta önce

    This lecture definitely proves the fact that Israelites was the main reason of the collapse of other civilizations. About 1100bc that’s the beginning of King Soul and then King David and King Solomon’s Rule which is the Golden age for Israel, in other words David Conquered everyone gained a lot of riches for his Son that’s why he was the Richest king at the time! Can’t believe that people are trying to find evidence else we’re and ignoring the main History book! It’s almost like digging for who started WW2 and ignoring what the winning nations wrote!

  • IETCHX69
    IETCHX69 3 hafta önce

    That rug is noticeable from driver -nine iron .
    Driver = 260 yds. (PLUS)
    Nine iron = 120 yds. ( = )
    Total = 380 yds.
    This gentleman's toupee can easily be seen from a distance of 380 yards , depending on wind , weather and alcoholic application .
    ...I should go to sleep ...

  • Robin Parmar
    Robin Parmar 3 hafta önce

    So, I come across this video completely randomly and end up captivated. Brilliant lecturer! And then I notice that there are 1.9k dislikes. Huh? Is there some sort of political thing going on here that I don't understand? Some people really bummed out by the Sea Peoples?

  • Ruffian Eo
    Ruffian Eo 3 hafta önce

    As for the "burned crops" line of reasoning he forgot to mention one other possibility, we can learn from Sun Tsu's Art of war. Maybe, the inhabitants of the regions under attack burned their own crops to deprive the attackers from any merits of their attacks. Both as a means to slow down / stop the invasion by lack of resources to keep going and to discourage future attacks.

  • Gunnar Jensen
    Gunnar Jensen 3 hafta önce

    Worship ?

  • easaav1
    easaav1 3 hafta önce

    Excellent lesson. Thank you!

  • granskare
    granskare 3 hafta önce

    I was in Turkey in the late 1950's near Karamursel with the USAF. Prez Trump said climate change if a hoax. He took us from a reasonable treaty with Iran and now tries to fix it. I believe Trump is an idiot. :)

  • dkaloudis
    dkaloudis 3 hafta önce

    I am surprised the Santorini volcano eruption was not more central to his argument, I thought that was the main catastrophic event of that period that catalyzed the collapse of the flourishing bronze age civilizations. Anyone know why that is?

  • zmeyagosho
    zmeyagosho 3 hafta önce

    But aren't the Philistines speaking a Semitic language? Yes, they have been in semithic lands a long time, but still there should be a trace for their greek origin isn't it?

  • Jack Jardine
    Jack Jardine 3 hafta önce

    its not fucking climate change as we say it. Climate change is man made carbon based change from industrial waste in the atmosphere. stay in your own lane.

  • pieniaurinko
    pieniaurinko 3 hafta önce

    That was very interesting, thank you!

  • Pace De La Cruz
    Pace De La Cruz 3 hafta önce

    Thank you for this very informative video