1177 BC: The Year Civilization Collapsed (Eric Cline, PhD)

  • Yayınlanma Tarihi:  2 yıl önce
  • From about 1500 BC to 1200 BC, the Mediterranean region played host to a complex cosmopolitan and globalized world-system. It may have been this very internationalism that contributed to the apocalyptic disaster that ended the Bronze Age. When the end came, the civilized and international world of the Mediterranean regions came to a dramatic halt in a vast area stretching from Greece and Italy in the west to Egypt, Canaan, and Mesopotamia in the east. Large empires and small kingdoms collapsed rapidly. With their end came the world’s first recorded Dark Ages. It was not until centuries later that a new cultural renaissance emerged in Greece and the other affected areas, setting the stage for the evolution of Western society as we know it today. Professor Eric H. Cline of The George Washington University will explore why the Bronze Age came to an end and whether the collapse of those ancient civilizations might hold some warnings for our current society. Considered for a Pulitzer Prize for his recent book 1177 BC, Dr. Eric H. Cline is Professor of Classics and Anthropology and the current Director of the Capitol Archaeological Institute at The George Washington University. He is a National Geographic Explorer, a Fulbright scholar, an NEH Public Scholar, and an award-winning teacher and author. He has degrees in archaeology and ancient history from Dartmouth, Yale, and the University of Pennsylvania; in May 2015, he was awarded an honorary doctoral degree (honoris causa) from Muhlenberg College. Dr. Cline is an active field archaeologist with 30 seasons of excavation and survey experience. The views expressed in this video are those of the speaker and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Capital Area Skeptics.
  • Video Süresi: 01:10:18

Yorum Sayısı: 6827

  • Jahim IsAmazing
    Jahim IsAmazing 4 saat önce

    Heres is my assignment:

    Take either outline, mind map, or cornell style notes on the lecture from Dr Eric Cline. This is a standard college lecture and what you will get 2 or 3 times a week in one college class. The notes weill recieve a 5 for incomplete notes, a 8 for notes that cover most of the lecture, or a 10 for quality notes that explore the lecture.

    After you notes write an Intro paragraph on the causes of the Bronze age collapse. This should be 2 or 3 sentences, with the last being your Thesis sentence. 5 points will be awarded for a poorly constructed intro, 8 for an intro that attempts to introduce the topic but is confusing, and a 10 for a well constructed Intro paragraph with a strong Thesis Sentence.

    An example if I was writing about the Collapse of Rome woule be: While history has seen many great empires emerge, few can compare to the glory and granduer that was the Roman Empire. Despite all of its power though, Rome's empire collapsed like so many before it. The ultimate collapse of Rome was caused by many favtors but the most important include the over extending of the empire, corruption at the highest levels, and an ecominc model where the cost of the empire outweighed its value.


    Watch the WHOLE lecture. This is a top notch presentation done by one of the best in the world. Considered for a Pulitzer Prize for his recent book 1177 BC, Dr. Eric H. Cline is Professor of Classics and Anthropology and the current Director of the Capitol Archaeological Institute at The George Washington University. He is a National Geographic Explorer, a Fulbright scholar, an NEH Public Scholar, and an award-winning teacher and author. He has degrees in archaeology and ancient history from Dartmouth, Yale, and the University of Pennsylvania; in May 2015, he was awarded an honorary doctoral degree (honoris causa) from Muhlenberg College. Dr. Cline is an active field archaeologist with 30 seasons of excavation and survey experience.



    Please complete it for me.

  • David miorgan
    David miorgan 10 saat önce

    In the end it sounds like the EU is a bad idea!

  • David miorgan
    David miorgan 13 saat önce

    I've never heard even one time from historians the simplest fact that when there was excess the age of theft truly dawned, to steal by force, when theft became the main occupation, that is the secret destructive event which occurred! It has always been easier and more profitable to murder rape and steal than to work, like all trends in thought and action, the theft trend swept away all before it, the signs and symptoms of this are glaringly obvious. That is what happened, even the bible basically says the Hebrews borrowed heavily unto the Egyptians, and blah blah blah, theft is the destroying force, we have seen how it worked for the Spaniards. If you didn't know about the Spaniards and tried to figure out what happened to the Inca and Aztecs you would come up with all kinds of crap, but it was humans who destroyed it, Theft is truly the most destructive force the worlds civilisations have ever faced and will face in the future!

  • Amanda Pods
    Amanda Pods 1 gün önce

    hmu with some notes

  • Thereis Hope
    Thereis Hope 2 gün önce

    I see an analogy here- BUILD THAT WALL NOW!

    WWG1WGA

  • Scott Anderson
    Scott Anderson 3 gün önce

    50:00 I wonder if they had a brawl over it.

  • Scott Anderson
    Scott Anderson 3 gün önce

    It's good until 24:00 when he blames climate change. This is of course impossible because there were no Republicans born yet to cause it.

  • Nicholas Carlough
    Nicholas Carlough 3 gün önce

    How do we know this was trade and not a gift economy?

  • Nicholas Carlough
    Nicholas Carlough 3 gün önce

    Do people leave there dead under fallen structures after an earthquake?

  • HeavyMetalRuinedMyLife1971

    Nice 'one eye' symbology ...

  • Ray Gordon Teaches Chess

    Eventually a financial system accumulates too much debt or other crap and has to be reset.  Now we do it through printing money.

  • x iLeon
    x iLeon 5 gün önce

    Aren't the Phoenecians really the most apt to fit the description "Sea Peoples"???? And doesn't Zukerman's argument rule out the rest (esp. the earthquake that Cline follows up with!) wrt Canaan?

  • Troy Woo
    Troy Woo 6 gün önce

    Can I say this is history done right?

  • haynesptrn
    haynesptrn 6 gün önce

    So, he questions whether or not the Exodus took place; but, he believes the Trojan war happened. Got it- he teaches history from the perspective of the heathen.

  • Butt Erscotch
    Butt Erscotch 1 hafta önce

    1200BC and there is no China or India as a civilisation? Man you are missing out a huge part of the history as a professor... hahahaha

  • Irving Kurlinski
    Irving Kurlinski 1 hafta önce

    This is only the middle east that he's talking about. China was flourishing for millenia.

  • Baf Lange
    Baf Lange 1 hafta önce

    Edit — 2016

  • Jackie Gfeller
    Jackie Gfeller 1 hafta önce

    Very interesting!

  • cbmtrx
    cbmtrx 1 hafta önce

    ~32:00 Why would an invading army fleeing famine burn grain stores and destroy vineyards?

  • Poker Face
    Poker Face 1 hafta önce

    My Facebook account just got hacked! It's the Sea Peoples!

  • Nol baker
    Nol baker 1 hafta önce

    Well first off the Minoans were taken out by the eruption of the Island of Santorini in 1628 BC so im not sure why he included them at 21.24 in the vid. Plus the fact it is now know also be the Era of the exodus because of the climate change in Egypt was the source of the plagues and then the exodus.

  • SJ R
    SJ R 1 hafta önce

    I did a quick search, there are at least 10 more YouTube Dr Eric H.Cline Videos

  • Qaz Xsw
    Qaz Xsw 1 hafta önce

    I wonder why he doubts some records and Seemingly takes others as fact.

  • MILO BROWN
    MILO BROWN 1 hafta önce

    Just another troll riding the tail coat of Graham Hancock. Figures.

  • Rick T
    Rick T 1 hafta önce

    Trump 2020

  • GenXer
    GenXer 2 hafta önce

    Sir, I dare say that this is all the result of the Minoan eruption of Thera. Mt Santorini 1642-1540 BCE. Climate change. My two cents worth. Sincerely...

  • franzitaduz
    franzitaduz 2 hafta önce

    Wonderful lecture that is very relevant to our times.. I first heard of this period of history from a lecture by Bruce Gore . His is the best mix of the historical events out of Egyptian history (that excludes any reference to the Exodus) that secular scholars accept and a comparison of the events noted in the Bible( which does give an account of an Exodus). Here is the link: https://youtu.be/iYZF09T5Klk

  • mcburcke
    mcburcke 2 hafta önce

    The volcanic eruption of Thera and the resulting tsunami and environmental changes they caused were also a major stressor of the eastern Mediterranean civilizations.

  • John Morton
    John Morton 2 hafta önce

    I'm curious is there any indication where the Sea People's come from. I know a bunch of Stories from many 1st century historians but are the Sea People the equivalent of Atlantis in term's of Origin.

  • Chan Ho Woo
    Chan Ho Woo 2 hafta önce

    It's always old people and never a single young person that's attending stuff like this lmao

  • Chaya Susanne Golan
    Chaya Susanne Golan 2 hafta önce

    Fascinating lecture! (Did anybody else notice, though, that all the Ugarit/Hittite correspondence showed the same clay tablet?)

  • VibrationsfromMirror
    VibrationsfromMirror 2 hafta önce

    Suffice to say, we find Great Fires and much floored and flooded in America. They were here too. China is blocked off, when, during Mongol invasions or the Portuguese Empire that comes up quick not long after this time period? No mention of the tsunami and eq that wiped out many only in 1755. End of another era but still within 1000 years of dates that may have been changed.

  • William O'Toole
    William O'Toole 2 hafta önce

    The Mediterranean could have had a 'turned over'. This happens to large bodies of water ( like the Black Sea). The bigger the volume the longer it takes to occur. ( it happens in small lakes and dams all the time - almost every year)
    In this case the deeper water become infused with poison gasses from rotting material which make it lighter than the body of water above it. Then there is a switch. The change of pressure releases the gasses and they travel over land killing anything nearby. It is sudden and to escape it you have to move to higher ground.
    It fits all the 'results'. 
    I've mentioned this as a hypothesis to a number of archaeologists and they dismiss it with zero thought.

  • Lisa Buss
    Lisa Buss 2 hafta önce

    It's obvious he loves his job and being able to share it. Wonderful. Thank you, Dr. Cline. Well done.

  • Watersmith53
    Watersmith53 2 hafta önce

    I don't know how this got to my home page, but I am glad it did, outside of the fact that I "wasted" over an hour of my morning. This was great, and I wanted more.

  • HolyMith
    HolyMith 2 hafta önce

    That ship going down with all those amazing, fine, valuable goods made me upset haha. Can you imagine how gutted you would be if you were a king waiting on the resources to outfit a new army, the coloured glass and pottery to decorate your palace and the ivory to fashion into gifts for your friends and family, and it never arrives? Or worse, the merchant who purchased and transported all of these goods? If he wasn't aboard the vessel himself, you have to wonder if that was his whole livelihood sinking to the bottom of the sea. The biggest deal of his life crashing down and lost amidst a storm.

  • Captain Kidd
    Captain Kidd 3 hafta önce

    Its very plausible the Exodus is factual. This is precisely the time frame in which this event took place. the plagues in Egypt happened due to your reasoning and because of the civil unrest, the Israelite's were able to leave. Moses gave God (yaweh) the glory for letting them go, however, these events allowed them to pretty much just pack up and run. If there was severe drought they could have crossed at the lake of Tanis (a much more plausible place where winds could easily part the waters. ( https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2014/12/08/no-really-there-is-a-scientific-explanation-for-the-parting-of-the-red-sea-in-exodus/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.1db710962176 ). They stayed in Kadesh-barnea because it was the only place they could live during the drought. The manna from God they ate were actually Mushrooms grown from the morning dew. Moses and a small group were followers of Yaweh but pretty much everyone else were pagans just trying to flee hence the idol worship and Moses being upset and throwing a fit. By the time they made it to Canaan it had already been sacked, so easy pickings. I am convinced this did happen.

  • David Lupica
    David Lupica 3 hafta önce

    Droughts, system collapse, and rebellion are happening at all times, someplace in the world. Look at native american culture. Look at sub-saharan african culture.

  • FOREVERQUIETFUNCTION MULTITALENTSILENT*FUNCTION

    ABOUT 800 000 SISTERS WHO LIVE IN MY HEART ...

  • Rebecca Young
    Rebecca Young 3 hafta önce

    We are in the IRON age.